Different Types of Chemicals in Marijuana and Their Impact

Marijuana, like most plants and other organisms, is a complex marvel of biochemistry. The active ingredients in marijuana are called cannabinoids. There are over 100 different cannabinoids, but only a few of them have been studied enough to know what they do. These major cannabinoids are THC (tetrahydrocannabinol) and CBD (cannabidiol). Due to little scientific research about the impacts of weed on humans, there is no sure way to know the effects of weed and antibiotics when used together. 


These are a group of chemicals that come from marijuana. When cannabis is smoked or vaped, the cannabinoids enter your lungs and bloodstream, which attach to your body’s receptors. They can cause some effects like getting high and helping with pain and inflammation. Some of the most common cannabinoids include:

  • THC is a cannabinoid (produces strong psychoactive effects) that gets you high.
  • CBD is one of the most common cannabinoids. It is now used for medical reasons like pain relief, curing nausea and preventing vomit sensation, anxiety reduction, improved sleep quality, etc.


These are the smell-imparting chemicals in marijuana. They’re also found in other plants and play a significant role in how you experience cannabis flavor and aroma. But beyond that, terpenes also have many uses outside the marijuana industry. For example, they’re responsible for the smell and taste of citrus fruits like oranges or lemons and pine needles; they’re used in perfumes and food flavors (think vanilla); they can even be used to add color to cosmetics!

Another noteworthy thing about terpenes is how important terpene profiles are when it comes to experiencing all aspects of your favorite strains; from their taste to their effects on your body. Their profiles are unique from plant to plant; no two strains will ever share precisely the exact composition or ratio between known terpenes because each strain has its own specific genetic makeup.


These are a type of chemical that is found in many plants. They’re also found in plants’ seeds, skins, leaves, and flowers. Flavonoids have been shown to have anti-inflammatory and anti-cancer properties. Marijuana contains flavonoids too.

What do these chemicals do?

The main psychoactive ingredients in cannabis are cannabinoids, as already mentioned. They’re responsible for the euphoric feeling you get when you smoke or ingest marijuana.

Terpenes are aromatic compounds that produce the smell and taste of your favorite strains. They have been shown to have antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects on the body, which may help treat various medical conditions.

Flavonoids are also antioxidants that act as natural antihistamines and help with blood clotting (or coagulation), which may prove crucial in situations of a bleed, internal or external. But proper scientific research needs to be done around these areas before they can be put to such use. It is, therefore, best not to use weed and antibiotics together in medical emergencies.

Each chemical affects your body and mind when you use it. But there are also some commonalities among them; they can cause memory loss, anxiety, and paranoia when used in large quantities over time.


In conclusion, you can see there are many different types of chemicals in marijuana. Some are more widely known than others; some have been studied extensively, while others have not received much attention. There’s still so much you don’t know about this plant. But one thing is for sure it has a lot to offer both researchers and the average consumer alike.